Calcium Fortified with 9 Enzymes and Vitamins
Taking into consideration, the increasing cost of animal feed and the decreasing income from milk, dairy farming will not be a profitable venture unless there is substantial increase in milk production per animal. This can be achieved through complete digestion of feed taken and integration of digested feed into the animal body. Enzymes play an important role in digestion of the feed and integration of the same. Enzymes are only proteins which act on starch, fat and fiber available in the feed and make them available to the animals in the correct form for increased production of milk and to keep the animals in good health.
Normally, microorganisms present in the animal intestine produce the enzymes necessary for digestion of feed. However, the production of the enzymes in the present days, where all kinds of feed are not supplied to the animals regularly, is not sufficient and in some cases all the necessary enzymes are not produced in the animal body. Under these circumstances, the feed consumed by the animals is not fully digested. With external supplementation of the enzymes, the feed is fully digested and all the essential elements are available to the animals for good health and increased milk production. This also results in fast digestion which ultimately results in higher feed intake.
It is also proved that supplementing all the enzymes together is more useful compared to supplementing one or two enzymes separately. The milk increase results are very good when a mixture of all the enzymes is supplemented compared to supplementing one or two enzymes individually. This is because of the fact that different kinds of feed require different enzymes for good digestion. It is difficult to ascertain the various kinds of feeds supplied to the animals, as this depends on the geographical area, availability of the feed kinds, seasonality and affordability of the various feed types to the farmers.
Milking animals also need various minerals such as calcium, magnesium and phosphorous for good health, increased quantity and quality of milk being produced. The availability of these minerals in the feed depends on the type of feed and fodder. All these minerals are not sufficiently available in the feeds given to the animals. Hence, supply of these minerals through external supplements is necessary for good health of the animals and also for increased milk production.
Normally, an animal weighing about 500 kgs requires 23 gm calcium, 10 gm phosphorous and 9 gm magnesium per day. Growing young animals require 8-17 gm calcium, 6-9 gm phosphorous and 0.5 gm magnesium per day. Conceived animals require 10 gm calcium, 6 gm phosphorous and 0.33 gm magnesium per day. For cows yielding 6 liters of milk per day, the daily requirement is 9 gm calcium, 11 gm phosphorous and 4 gm magnesium. Whereas buffaloes require 27gm calcium, 11 gm phosphorous and 8 gm magnesium per day. In case of deficiency of minerals due to insufficient feed or low quality feed the availability of the minerals is reduced, which results in metabolic diseases like mastitis, etc. The requirement of calcium is very high during early stages of calving. Lactating cows and buffaloes need more minerals than normal animals.